A clavicle fracture, or the collarbone, is unfortunately a common injury in contact and collision sports, such as football. Typically the injury occurs when the athlete lands on his or her shoulder. An athletic trainer or physician on the field can usually make the diagnosis right away. The clavicle will show deformity at the fracture site where the bone is often prominent or even tenting the skin. The athlete will have severe pain at the fracture site, and he will usually not move the arm secondary to this pain.

Evaluation in the emergency room or in the physician’s office is critical. X-rays are usually taken to confirm the injury.

X-ray of a clavicle fracture before surgery

Treatment for a clavicle fracture

Frequently a clavicle fracture is treated without surgery. The athlete is placed in a sling to wear almost all the time initially. The sling keeps the arm from moving, and this immobilization helps to decrease the pain. As the fracture starts to heal, motion becomes more comfortable. At that point, I think it’s reasonable to wear the sling less and less to start shoulder range of motion and gentle strengthening exercises. The fracture typically heals, but it can often take 3 to 4 months before complete healing is noted by x-ray.

Surgery for a clavicle fracture

Some sports medicine surgeons are beginning to advocate early surgical treatment of clavicle fractures, especially in high-level athletes. Fixing the fracture either with a plate and screws or a device that goes down the center of the bone across the fracture can help the clavicle fracture line up better and heal in a more anatomic position. In my experience, high-level athletes with fractures that have shortened, where there is significant displacement or overlapping of the fracture ends, do seem to have good outcomes with surgical treatment. Although it still takes 8 to 12 weeks to get back to sports, they do seem to have better strength and functional ability with their shoulders after the fracture has healed. Consultation with a sports medicine physician is crucial after a clavicle fracture to determine the best treatment for each athlete. Non-surgical treatment options

Clavicle fracture x-ray after surgery

Also read:
Ask Dr. Geier – Clavicle Fractures
Clavicle fractures: Mechanism of injury and treatment options for this painful shoulder injury

I want to help you! Please take a few seconds to share the biggest challenge or struggle you’re facing with your injury! Click here!

Recommended Products and Resources
Click here to go to Dr. David Geier’s Amazon Influencer store!
Due to a large number of questions I have received over the years asking about products for health, injuries, performance, and other areas of sports, exercise, work and life, I have created an Amazon Influencer page. While this information and these products are not intended to treat any specific injury or illness you have, they are products I use personally, have used or have tried, or I have recommended to others. THE SITE MAY OFFER HEALTH, FITNESS, NUTRITIONAL AND OTHER SUCH INFORMATION, BUT SUCH INFORMATION IS DESIGNED FOR EDUCATIONAL AND INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. THE CONTENT DOES NOT AND IS NOT INTENDED TO CONVEY MEDICAL ADVICE AND DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE. YOU SHOULD NOT RELY ON THIS INFORMATION AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR, NOR DOES IT REPLACE, PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE, DIAGNOSIS, OR TREATMENT. THE SITE IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY ACTIONS OR INACTION ON A USER’S PART BASED ON THE INFORMATION THAT IS PRESENTED ON THE SITE. Please note that as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.